In recent years, more than any other parts of the world, Latin America is headed by females in the highest positions. However, not anyone of these Latin women has had a victorious electoral campaign more than Hillary Clinton as the first woman president of the United States.
Despite the fact that public opinion has altered and according to recent polls, it suggests that Clinton is more favored to win, when over a decade ago, 60% Americans thought the country was ready for a female president. In the same year, Michele Bachelet was voted the first female head of state in Chile.
Argentina’s Isabel Peron became the first woman president in 1974, and between 1990 to 2014, there has been a rising number of female political leaders. In Nicaragua, there was Violeta Chamorro; in 1999, Mireya Moscoso was elected Panama president; in 2006 and 2014, Bachelet in Chile; in 2007 and 2012, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner in Argentina; in 2010, Dilma Rousseff in Brazil; and, in the same year, Laura Chinchilla in Costa Rica.
But how come the highest female murder victims happen to seven of the ten countries in Latin America, especially where machismo reigns, and has the highest level of Latin women political representation next to Scandinavian countries; and while in the US, women have so much trouble rising in ranks.
It is believed that in every macho man is a vulnerable boy wanting mothering, so in the Latin America there is a suitable position for women in higher office.
Machismo separates women into two divisions: mothers as authority figures and sexual beings that needs to be possessed and conquered. In Latin culture, the mother is so powerful. In the case of Cristina Fernandez, she succeeded the former president Nestor Kirchner, a woman in pain that men anticipate to protect and defend. While Laura Chinchilla succeeded the patronage of former president Oscar Arias.
It is also expected that women are stronger than men, especially with their participation in the struggles of the 70s and 80s when tyrannical governments were met with guerilla groups, conspiracies and popular uprisings.
Nevertheless, it was still a growing trend for Latin women to assume traditional roles. And as many of them refused to be tied to the kitchen and do home chores, they centered more on organizing influential feminist organizations, NGOs and social movements. The mentioned strengths enabled them to hold the highest powerful positions of these countries.